Downturn: see how the United States and Japan deal with the plight of their agricultural mechanization development
China's agricultural machinery manufacturing started late. From the early days of the founding of the people's Republic of China to the 1990s, under the guidance of relevant national policies, China's agricultural mechanization can gradually embark on a healthy development path. Although China's agricultural machinery has developed rapidly and has just experienced the "golden decade" of agricultural machinery, the development of the agricultural machinery market has been in a downturn in the past two years and is facing major changes. In my opinion, it's better to slow down and see how foreign countries cope with the bottleneck of development, or maybe find something to learn from
downturn: see how the United States and Japan deal with the plight of their agricultural mechanization development
in the face of market saturation, the United States chooses to export
the United States is an immigrant country with a history of only more than 200 years, but the highly developed capitalist commodity production prompted the United States to lead other countries in the world to realize the mechanization of grain production in the 1940s. By the late 1960s, the level of mechanization of grain production had further improved, reaching the mechanization of the whole process from land ploughing, land preparation, sowing, field management, harvesting and drying; In the early 1970s, the mechanization of cotton, sugar beet and other cash crops from planting to harvesting was completed. At present, it still maintains the world's advanced level in planting, industrialized livestock and poultry breeding, facility agriculture, and agricultural product processing in accordance with the provisions of jjf1104 (2) 003 "rules for the compilation of national metrological verification system tables"
in the 1940s, American agricultural machinery was mainly renewed, upgraded and developed new varieties, and the market became increasingly saturated. By the early 1990s, the sales of agricultural machinery fell significantly, and some agricultural machinery enterprises such as case company had been acquired by foreign companies. Moreover, with the increase of agricultural mechanization and labor productivity, a large number of farmers are forced to leave the land, causing social congestion and increasing social problems. Faced with this dilemma, American agro industry chose to export and develop overseas business. Major manufacturers such as John Deere and New Holland established distribution agencies in foreign countries. Whether agricultural machinery or agricultural products, the United States is particularly dependent on imports and exports
in the face of labor transfer, Japan vigorously promotes agricultural mechanization
the development of Agricultural Mechanization in Japan began in 1947. After nearly 60 years of development, agricultural production has been fully mechanized, ranking a leading position in the world, especially the mechanization of rice production is at the highest level in the world
with the rapid growth of Japan's economy in the 1960s, the rural labor force quickly transferred to the secondary and tertiary industries, and the labor force engaged in agriculture decreased even more. In the face of this problem, Japanese agriculture took advantage of this to produce rice transplanters and harvesters, which solved the problems of farmers' big bending and small sickle, and basically realized the whole process of agricultural mechanization of rice production from cultivation, transplanting, management, harvesting, drying to processing. By the 1980s, Japan's agricultural machinery continued to mature and become saturated. However, Japan did not fall into the dilemma of the acquisition of American agricultural machinery, but shifted its focus to the safety appraisal of agricultural machinery and the introduction of safety management direction of safety motorcycle chain tensile testing machine technology. In order to popularize new safety technology, the Japanese government also issued preferential tax policies to encourage the purchase of new machinery
at the beginning of the 21st century, Japanese agricultural machinery still developed steadily, and its development became more and more diversified. For example, the cab of a large tractor is equipped with the same equipment as the car, so when using it, don't point your eyes at the transmitter and look directly at the air conditioning equipment, radio, sound devices and other equipment, and pay more attention to the pursuit of a comfortable working environment. In recent years, in order to meet the needs of the expansion of business scale, Japanese agricultural machinery, while focusing on the development of large-scale high-performance agricultural machinery, has paid more attention to the development of small-scale agricultural machinery suitable for small-scale operation and operation by elderly farmers and women
the development characteristics of agricultural machinery in the United States are relatively rough and crazy, and the farm land is broad, which makes the trend of large-scale machinery obvious; The replacement rate of machines has increased, causing acute social problems; The agricultural machinery market is saturated and the market is transferred. In contrast, the adhesive tensile bond strength tensile speed: 5mm/min Japan's agricultural machinery development is relatively delicate. In the process of reading through the history of Japan's agricultural machinery development, we found that Japan is constantly developing high-end machinery, not the best, only better, and has been continuously adhering to innovation. The author believes that the current downturn in China's agricultural machinery market is only a temporary episode, so that the rapidly running agricultural machinery industry can slow down to learn and think, find a development path of agricultural mechanization that belongs to China's national conditions, and better meet the next "golden decade"